Thursday, October 31, 2019

Compare and contrast Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words - 8

Compare and contrast - Essay Example Another social working site, Friendster, was among the first to innovate this new brand of internet communication. Just a couple of years back, the competition was between Myspace and Friendster where it was an even matchup between the two. The Friendster logo has been so popular and recognizable for users and non-users alike. The need for convergence that was particularly prevalent among the youth was answered through these internet-based socializing sites. With Friendster, people were able to acquaint themselves to the possibility of meeting and keeping in touch with other people. But since then, Friendster has dwindled in terms of popularity and there is no denying that the primary reason for this is the fame that Facebook has gained over a short period of time. Both provide a valued facet of connectivity for their users but the features that Facebook has added is the reason for its current success in the internet. To be a member of both websites, the steps are quite simple. First, you will need to have a working email account where notifications depending on your specifications can be sent. One needs to go to their home page and follow the registration instructions. Here, you will be asked to provide particular details that range from name to affiliations to hobbies and interest. It is upon the user to fill in these factors accordingly. By signing in through the email and password that you have provided you are now on your way to getting connected. From here, it is up to you to start adding friends, applications, pictures, etc. It provides the option for personal taste and look of your very own profile page. Adding friends between the two is just one of the indications of the many differences between them. While both can search for friends by providing their email address or their names, it is quite obvious that it is easier to add friends in Facebook than in Friendster. In Facebook all you have to do is click on

Tuesday, October 29, 2019

The Role of Self- Reflection in Fifth Business By Brooke von Schilling Essay Example for Free

The Role of Self- Reflection in Fifth Business By Brooke von Schilling Essay Self-reflection makes happiness more accessible. This is shown in the book Fifth Business by a contrast of characters, such as introvert and extrovert. In the book Dunstan Ramezay is shown as an introvert and spends his entire life focusing on the spiritual aspect of himself and others. Dunstan is a self-reflecting person who does not find joy in material things, but finds happiness in the wisdom of the spirit. On the contrary, Percy Staunton only finds joy in the material things that life brings him. Percy must have the best of everything and finds joy in showing those things to the world. He loves to prove that he is better than everyone else because of the things he has. Although Percy is joyous for a small amount of time, he is always searching for something bigger and better than what he already has. Other characters show the importance of spiritual aspects of the world and how humans have destroyed the freedom of wonder and self-reflection. To make sense of life and all its marvels you must be self-reflecting. Dunstan is taught that in order to move forward and become successful he must reflect in himself and forgive himself for doing what all humans do. Father Blazon says â€Å"forgive yourself for being a human creature, Ramezay. That is the beginning of wisdom. † Blazon is saying that by letting go of the average mistakes Dunstan will be able to focus on what he needs to and have better knowledge of himself because he is not stuck on his small mistakes. This quote can relate to all humans because everyone needs to be able to forgive himself or herself to move past what they have done. This proves that self-reflection makes happiness more accessible because by moving past the insignificant things the spirit is able to focus on becoming greater. By self-reflecting one is able to see the marvels in everyday. People are always trying to find marvels in material items but by seeing the marvels that one holds within will make one truly happy. â€Å"Why do people all over the world and at all times want marvels that defy all verifiable fact? And are the marvels brought into being by their desire, or is their desire and assurance rising from some deep knowledge, not to be directly experienced and questioned, that the marvelous is indeed an aspect of the real. (202) This quote is made by Liesl, she is saying that people spend too much time obsessing over the things in life that wont bring you true happiness instead of focusing on the inner desires. This quote is saying that the marvels that are desired by the spirit are what will bring happiness. This point is also shown by Father Blazon when he states â€Å"Life itself is too great a miracle to make so much of a fuss about dotty little reversals of the natural order. † By self-reflection one is able to look past the small details and see what a miracle everyday life is. Also, this quote teaches that one needs to be able to make sense of themselves so they can make sense of life and all of its wonder. It is easier for one to make their own happiness than to wait upon others. By relying on yourself you can find out what you truly need and find ways to receive it, but if you depend on others then you only think about what others are willing to provide. This is shown in the quote: â€Å"He had to run his mission by begging, and that sometimes begging yielded nothing; when this happened he prayed for help and had never been refused what he needed. (118) When the man relied on others to get what he needed he did not always succeed but when he found it within himself to pray for what he needed then he was more successful. By praying the man looked inside himself and thought about what he really needed and asked for it, instead of just taking what anyone would give him. This quote proves that happiness is more accessible when you self reflect because he accepted the fact that he needed help, he knew exactly what he needed, and he received it when he looked inside himself. The only way someone can be truly happy is if they rely upon themselves. Dunstan states that nobody- not even my mother- was to be trusted in a strange world that showed so very little of itself in the surface. Dunstan is saying that everyone has their inner desires and needs but they dont show them on the surface. He is saying that you should trust nobody but yourself because youre the only one that knows exactly what you want. In this quote Dunstan relates to his mother because she is the one h should be able to trust the most but really the only person he can trust is himself. You never know what others truly think of you or your desires so you should only listen to your inner self. By self-reflecting Dunstan is able to know his desires and figure out a way to reach them, because he cant show the things he want on the surface. Education does not teach one to self-reflect or to show their true desires. One simply has to look within themselves to realize what you want. Our world relies so much on education that people forget to strive for their passion. Eisengrim teaches this when he states We have educated ourselves into a world from which wonder and fear and dread and splendor and freedom of wonder have been banished. This quote is saying that People are so focused on what they need to learn to be successful that they forget to look within themselves and find their aspiration. Eisengrim is a magician and he looked within himself to figure out what he really wanted to be. He is one of the best at what he does so this teaches that if you look inside yourself and find your true desire you can be great at anything you do. Education was not needed for Eisengrim to be great at what he did because unlike most people, he felt the freedom to wonder what his passion was. Eisengrim is a great example to show that self-reflection makes happiness more accessible. You cannot always rely on others to make you happy, sometimes the best way to be happy is to know what excites you and keep doing whatever that may be. Even if the world is trying to bring you down, if you know yourself and the reasons you did the things you did, you can always be happy. Mrs. Dempster showed this when Dunstan explains that: She knew she was in disgrace with the world, but did not feel disgraced; she knew she was jeered at, but felt no humiliation. She lived by a light that arose from within. Dunstan explains that even though the whole world is against Mrs. Dempster she was still happy because she was happy with herself. This proves that self-reflection makes happiness more accessible because if she had not been happy with herself then she would feel disgraced and humiliated. She knew the reasons why she did what she did so there was no need to let what others said bother her. Because Mrs. Dempster was an introvert she did not feel the need to have a good reputation, all she needed was her own approval. Self-reflection is all one needs to be truly happy with themselves.

Sunday, October 27, 2019

The Crucible | Analysis

The Crucible | Analysis The tragic events that unfold in The Crucible are to an extent caused by Abigails sexual desire however she is not the only one to blame. The Crucible is about the Salem Witch Trials which took place in 17th century Massachusetts where 19 innocent people were condemned. Considering the atmosphere of the Puritan society presented in the novel, a significant event like this is bound to occur sooner or later. Even though she is the trigger to the mass hysteria which occurs in the novel, her desires are only partly to be blamed. We see throughout the play how Abigail manipulates the people around her to get to this ultimate desire. Nevertheless, we must also take into account the role of John Proctor and a combination of other things in the novel which are also at fault. One could argue that Abigail was only the catalyst and just sped up the course of action and chain of events. In the early 1600s Puritans arrived to the New World from England where they established their religious intolerant colonies. Puritanism was a very austere branch of Anglican Church during the 16th and 17th centuries. They broke off from the Church as they felt that their practices were still very close to that of the Catholic Church. In order to avoid religious persecution in England they left for America. The Puritans feared this new land and especially its inhabitants. They often attributed the natives with voodoo and magic. They feared that there was evil in every corner even within their own communities. This story takes place in 1692 in a small colonial town of Salem, Massachusetts. It was a theocratic society where church and state were one and judicial system was based upon the bible. God was the supreme leader of society. Those who questioned the courts were thought of as questioning God himself. (You must understand, sir, that a person is either with this court or he must be counted against it, there be no road between.) You were either a man of God or the devil. The Puritan culture was governed by the church and was extremely restrictive. It was a male dominated society where the men made the rules. Physical labor and following strict guidelines was the only way to be a proper Christian and show your faithfulness. In this society there was also a strong belief in witchcraft and superstition. Strange incidences including sickness like in the play where girls become ill, death, and plague are considered to be the works of the devil. They were blamed on the devil or his followers. This led to people becoming frightened and accusing others of witchcraft. There was a mass hysteria. These witch trials were a crucial part of restoring the honor and goodness of the community. This was also fueled by grudges and jealousies among the people of the community. Some wanted land while some blamed others for their troubles and miseries. A good example is the Putnams. Mr. Putnam covets land and so he falsely accuses others then buys up their land while Mrs. Putnam accused Rebecca Nurse of witchcraft basing it on the fact that seven of her children had died while Nurse had never lost a single child or grandchild. (They were murdered, Mr. Paris! And mark this proof!) At the end, in September 1692, nineteen inno cent people and two dogs were convicted and hanged for witchcraft while hundreds others were accused and dozens others still remained in jail on charges of witchcraft. In the midst of all this madness was Abigail Williams. Abigail Williams is a very attractive, unmarried, 18 year old orphan, and the main antagonist of the play. She is the niece of Reverend Parris. She is also the ringleader of the group of adolescent girls and drives the action of the play foreword. She is very smart, cunning, and also revengeful. Abigails and the other girls actions at the start of the play are the effect of the towns strict atmosphere. We learn that the girls were caught dancing in the forest. The forest is considered to be the stronghold of the devil where danger and evil lurks. That is probably one of the main reasons why the girls went there. They wanted to feel the excitement of doing something unlawful. Early on in the play we also learn that before the events of the play Abigail used to work as a servant at the Proctors household. After it was discovered by Goody Proctor that Proctor and Abigail were having an affair she fired Abigail. Proctor commits adultery with her and takes away her innocence. I look for John Proctor that took me from my sleep and put knowledge in my heart! I never knew what pretense Salem was, I never knew the lying lessons I was taught by all these Christian women and their covenanted men! And now you bid me tear the light out of my eyes? I will not, I cannot! You loved me, John Proctor, and whatever sin it is, you love me yet! In Salem the people live a gloomy and very simple life. All types of free behavior and desires are discouraged and forbidden in the Puritan society. They are thought of as unnatural and work of the devil. Abigail is not the only one with desires. There are other characters such as Mr. Putnam who wants to have his neighbors land and Paris who wants more power and control over the town. Abigails desire and jealousy is caused by Procter. She thinks that Proctor loves her and her only however is unable to be with her mainly due to Elizabeth. She wants love and to be adored. She sees herself as the true love of Proctor. It is also important to note that Abigail probably was never loved much by her close relatives and that is why she lusts for Proctor. Her parents were brutally killed by Indians. (I saw Indians smash my dear parents heads on the pillow next to mine, and I have seen some reddish work done at nightà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦) Its her desires for Procter and her envy of Elizabeth Procter who she wants to take revenge upon for dismissing her. (Oh, I marvel how such a strong man may let such a sickly wife beà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦ She is blackening my name in the village! She is telling lies about me! She is a cold, sniveling woman, and you bend to her!) It is clear that throughout the action of the play what Abigails motifs are. Abigail wants power. Once she realizes what she can do by accusing people of witchcraft, she takes full advantage of it. Abigail had no problem with sinning and falsely accusing innocents of witchcraft in order to get Proctor. Throughout the play Abigail tells countless lies to manipulate her friends, the town and the judiciary and then at the end causing the deaths of 19 people. Abigail was responsible for the wicked behavior of the girls in the forest which got them into some serious trouble. There are already rumors around town of Abigails affair with Proctor now on top of that people are talking of witchcraft. At the start she only tries to conceal the truth for if it gets out that Abigail drank a charm to kill Goody Proctor, she could be severely punished or even be hanged for it. At first when she is accused of witchcraft she tries to get all the girls under control by threatening them. (Now look you. All of you. We danced. And Tituba conjured Ruth Putnams dead sisters. And that is all.) And mark this. Let either of you breathe a word , or the edge of a word, about the other things, and I will come to you in the black of some terrible night and I will bring a point reckoning that will shudder you. And you know I can do it; And you know I can do it I can make you wish you had never seen the sun go down. Once questioned about the forest incident by Hale she lies and is quick to blame the whole thing on Tituba. (She sends her spirit out on me in church; she makes me laugh at prater! She comes to me every night to go and drink blood!) Tituba was a slave meaning she has a lower status and so is an easy target for she is from Barbados and is familiar with black magic making her suspicious. Subsequently Tituba does the unexpected by confessing to the false charges and naming other associates of the devil. Realizing this Abigail does the same and the girls follow. She firstly accuses the outcasts of society to get the support from the townsfolk knowing well that they will easily believe it. She shifts the attention from herself by crying witchcraft. I want to open myself! . . . I want the light of God, I want the sweet love of Jesus! I danced for the Devil; I saw him, I wrote in his book; I go back to Jesus; I kiss His hand. I saw Sarah Good with the Devil! I saw Goody Osburn with the Devil! I saw Bridget Bishop with the Devil! This is when the hysteria starts and it slowly builds up from here. By doing this Abigail gets the respect and appreciation of the people. This in a way gives her unlimited power over the town which she can use to accuse anyone in the town and get away with it. She is a woman with so much power in a society run by the men. She uses this power to manipulate the court by first gaining their trust and sympathy for her as she is the victim and then spreading more and more lies along with the rest of the group. Furthermore, if one of the girls goes against her as with the case of Mary Warren, she accuses them of witchcraft as well. (A wind, a cold wind, has comeà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦Why do you come, yellow bird? You cannot want to tear my face. Envy is a deadly sin, Maryà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦) This just shows that she is determined to get Proctor. However at the end after seeing that because of her Proctor will hang, she runs away. Proctor, who finally confesses his guilt, raising questions of the cred ibility of the girls, dies a noble man and undermines the authority of the judiciary and the its judges including Danforth. Danforth is one of the judges of the witch trials. He is also guilty for the part he played in the witch trials. At the start of the play he did strongly believe in this absurdity and on top of that he had probably already condemned several witches. He should be blamed for his failure to stop the insanity. There was absolutely no evidence against the accused except for the words of a few mindless adolescent girls and their ring leader. Towards the end of the play it was clear that the whole thing was blown out of proportion and that the girls were lying, Abigail along with Mercy ran away with stolen money right after accusing Hathrones wife and the rebellion against the court in Andover. Knowing this quite well he still chose to continue instead of pardoning the accused. There will be no postponement. You misunderstand, sir; I cannot pardon these when twelve are already hanged for the same crime. It is not just. He was probably more worried about his position as judge and deputy gove rnor of Massachusetts. à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦Postponement now speaks a floundering on my part; reprieve or pardon must cast doubt upon the guilt of them that died till now. While I speak Gods lawà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦ He convinced himself he was doing the right thing and also seeing that it would not look good on his part and reputation of the judiciary that innocents were killed. Desire is a basic human quality. You cannot turn it off or control it. From the start of the play Abigail was determined to get Procter. With sexual desires people dont always act consciously. Now for such a significant event like this to occur something else needs to happen first. In a religious and Theocratic society, the belief in witchcraft is already strong enough. Abigail inserts her problems with Procter into the story. However she is not the main character responsible for the events which take place. John Procter shares the guilt too as he is the one who put knowledge in her head and taught her everything she knew. She harms and manipulates everybody around her whom she hates or blocks her path of reaching her ultimate goal, John Procter which in the end she fails to accomplish. Abigail is the devil. She causes all the problems, starts and builds up the hysteria, causes quarrels among people, and brings about the destruction of the town. In this strict Puritan society we see how the people of the town twist the rules of God for their own purposes and to fulfill their own needs which in the end lead to the death of 19 innocent people. The main cause of the Salem Witch Trials is a disastrous combination of things which were slowing building up even before the events of the play. The society, Proctors affair with Abigail, teenage boredom, the townsfolks personal troubles, miseries, suspicions and covets, and Danforths failure to bring it to an end which altogether are responsible for the events which unfold. Abigails sexual desire was only the responsible for the mass hysteria and the escalation in The Crucible.

Friday, October 25, 2019

Free Trade? Essay -- essays research papers

In an economic age in which speedy transactions of imports and exports are essential, is free trade a necessity for aiding worldwide economic development? At least John F. Kennedy thought so, he being the initiator of removing tariffs and other limitations on U.S. imports. His hypothesis was that by doing that, other nations would follow America’s example and leadership. However, that never happened because the other nations were more concerned with their own problems. Even today, the United States continues to support free trade, an example being NAFTA (North America Free Trade Agreement). The problem is that America’s generosity has caused the foreign industry to take over the U.S. marketplace. This unfortunately has resulted in high unemployment rates just because consumers and firms can purchase foreign goods for a little less than domestic products. But with this country’s abundant resources, is free trade really necessary? From a conservative viewpoint, the only remedy to decrease unemployment and stimulate our own economic growth is to abandon the free trade policy and raise tariffs. Free trade has only crippled the American work force, increased poverty, and added to our national debt. If the liberals in Washington D.C. need proof, look at the figures: today there are about 10 million unemployed citizens and 35 million Americans are living in poverty because of free trade. It’s obvious that the foreign industry is taking advantage of us. Just visit any clothing sto...

Thursday, October 24, 2019

Othello by William Shakespeare Essay

Othello by William Shakespeare is a tragic story of envy, hatred and giving trusting to a very iniquitous person. It tells a tale of two people who loved each other despite the fact that they are worlds apart in terms of race, age and experience. Othello was a Moor, and Desdemona was the prettiest woman. Envied by Roderigo and Iago, the latter devised a plan to deceive Othello that his wife is cheating on him with his most trusted lieutenant Cassio. Unfortunately for the main characters, the plan worked and Othello ended up killing his faithful wife. Learning about what a fool he had become, not believing his own wife, Othello killed himself and died in his wife’s embrace. Roderigo was killed by Cassio and Iago was tortured to death. I have chosen to discuss Act V, Scene II of the play Othello, where Othello was convinced his wife was unfaithful and made up his mind to kill her. For him, this was the only honorable thing to do. The first part showed Othello looking at his sleeping wife amidst a flickering candle. He states: It is the cause, it is the cause, my soul,– Let me not name it to you, you chaste stars! — It is the cause. Yet I’ll not shed her blood; Nor scar that whiter skin of hers than snow, And smooth as monumental alabaster. In this speech, Othello is trying to convince himself that it was Desdemona who was at fault that is why killing her must be done. He accuses his wife’s beauty as the cause of her infidelity. And because of this beauty that he will kill her with honor, and not damage any part of her splendor. He is obviously confused, hesitant, trying to make sense of what he is about to do. Yet she must die, else she’ll betray more men. Put out the light, and then put out the light: If I quench thee, thou flaming minister, I can again thy former light restore, When I have pluck’d the rose, I cannot give it vital growth again. It must needs wither: I’ll smell it on the tree. In these lines, Othello has affirmed reasons for him to kill his wife, and convinced himself that by killing her, he is relieving her of her sins, bringing back her purity and innocence, as if being born again. He then kissed his wife and this awakened her. Desdemona, quite feeling there is something wrong, tried to capture her husband’s love once again by inviting him to lay beside her but instead, Othello asked her whether she had already prayed because he does not want to kill an unprepared spirit. When Desdemona appeared confused, Othello told her that is has been proven that she has betrayed him by being with Cassio and that he has the handkerchief that Othello so lovingly gave her. Despite Desdemona’s pleadings of innocence, Othello’s mind has already been poisoned by Iago’s stories, and he killed his wife. This scene, I believe is the umbrella of the whole play. Even though it was not actually stated in Act V, Scene II, it was obvious that Othello was a great man but was blinded by jealousy. And this blindness is a solid proof of Iago’s cunningness in manipulating the different characters. It was also shown here how Desdemona truly loves her husband by admitting suicide and not revealing that it was Othello who killed her. The painting that I have chosen (above) somehow shows the entirety of scene II of Act V. By looking at it, one can clearly see the difference in Othello and Desdemona’s lives. She was almost a goddess, sleeping in her white wedding sheets, and he looks like a confused peasant wearing a suit that is fit for him. There was hesitation, uncertainty and doubt in his eyes. He was holding a dagger evidently implying that he is about to kill her (although this was actually used to kill himself). His pose seems like he was sneaking in to steal a look of his stunning wife. Desdemona on the other hand, looks so peaceful, almost illuminating in just a faint light of a flickering candle. Although the painting pretty much illustrated the scene from the play, it was still lacking of life and dimension. In a third person point of view, it would not be as effective in delivering the message unless the person really knows the story. Therefore, while I consider myself as a visual person, I still much prefer the written form of this particular scene. It is more dramatic and touching to be able to create a scene with your own imagination. A major factor for this choice is that I have always loved reading because it can really take me on a journey where I can be in control. Also, I can have my own interpretation of different chapters in a book or novel whereas in watching a movie to looking at a photograph or painting, you can only interpret up to the limit of what the artist or director. Written literary works can give you limitless possibilities, and that is the challenge I treasure in reading.

Wednesday, October 23, 2019

Light and a Long Day’s Journey Into Night

For many directors, a LONG DAY'S JOURNEY INTO NIGHT remains a cross collateral character study. That is to say, since the play is punctuated with a number of dysfunctional characters the emphasis on the drama of the play should be on the performance of the characters. If the actors are not properly presenting the uniqueness of these characters then the play will fall apart. This is not an inaccurate assessment nor would it be a flawed approach to directing. But, if casting and character examination were the only aspect of this play to be fleshed out then the approach would be single focused. This is because the very title of the play stresses that it takes place during the day and this would evoke the notion that the greater and brighter the lighting of the play the more potential for serious drama will be the result. While â€Å"playing† with lighting has often been employed as a strategy for evoking mood it is almost a clichà © of a clichà © that shadows are employed to create a certain mood. Then again, why would they not be? The use of shadows can often be employed to create a unique environment that can stress fear, confusion, foreboding, et al. With LONG DAY'S JOURNEY INTO NIGHT, however, this would be downright impossible. After all, how many shadows can you create during the day? Well, yes, there are a number of ways you could integrate shadows into a daylight scenario but this would not be my particular approach. Instead, I would prefer an approach where daylight literally â€Å"burns† non-stop through the proceedings. The reason for this is that such an approach would create a heighten sense of realism by pushing the character flaws of the cast to the  forefront. In other words, it becomes difficult to hide in broad daylight and this would be the approach taken to strip the characters somewhat bare. The cast of characters are literally â€Å"loaded† with flaws. There are alcoholics, drug addicts, the grievously ill, etc. Now, this is not to condemn the characters for their problems as much as it is to point out they are characters battling demons. The problems that these characters much contend with are very real. As such, there should be no attempt made to hide the characters flaws and that means a symbolic and literal light needs to be shined upon them. So, when there are scenes presented which are designed to highlight these flaws the scenes should be very brightly lit in the manner of shinning daylight. This will create make any masking of their problems difficult as it creates a subtext of the problems being out in the open. Again, this is not to say that the use of shadows and intermingling dark lighting into the proceedings will not work. Any attempt at manipulating the lighting in a motivated and effective manner has the potential to be successful. But, this would not be the approach I would intend to take when directing the play. As such, the use of shadows would be limited to as minimal as possible. To do otherwise would harm a major aspect of the play: it is intended to take place in daylight and to hide daylight through generic or uninspired lighting would undermine critical subtexts that make it a powerful work. Daylight brings the play and its themes into the â€Å"real world† and this concept is an important one. The play embraces the daylight and so should the play's director.   

Tuesday, October 22, 2019

Emma Jane Austen Characters and Plot Essays

Emma Jane Austen Characters and Plot Essays Emma Jane Austen Characters and Plot Paper Emma Jane Austen Characters and Plot Paper Essay Topic: Emma The Sound and the Fury Introduction The first sentence has a taunting gaiety which dares reader to challenge Jane Students view of a heroine ammo no one would Like but myself. Emma Woodlouse, handsome, clever, and rich, with a comfortable home and happy disposition, seemed to unite some of the best blessings of existence; and had lived nearly twenty-one years in the world with very little to distress or vex her. Emma A girl with power and authority, more than enough egotism for the forgivable follies of youth. Enemas wit is so splendid in itself as to make it recommendation enough if en is willing to concede the redemptive quality of humor. Miss Tailors departure Miss Taylor, who has taken the place of Enemas dead mother for eight years, has that day married cheerful Mr. Weston and has left Hartsfield for Randall. Her loss is acutely felt, and Emma and her father sink Into a lugubrious self-pity which they comically decide Is called grief. Mr. Woodlouses weaknesses Miss Tailors departure brings out all Mr. Woodlouses weaknesses HIS Poor Isabella and his Deport MISS Taylor are laughable to begin with, then they become oppressive and unnatural. He is timid and anti-social The sooner every party areas up, the better. He hates all change and demands that life should be like his gruel: warm, coos and innocuous. Although his name is a by-word for condescending thoughtfulness in Highborn, he is really thoroughly selfish; all his kindness tends to enhance his personal comfort and convenience. Mr. Woodlouse has managed to get his own way by recourse to the trivial, and it is in the trivial which Emma evokes to defeat her fathers power. She persuades him that by having Mr. Knightly in the house as her husband he will have protection from the chicken thieves. The strength of Mr. Knightly Mr. Knightly Is the timeless Englishman, modest, unaffected, somewhat Inadequate of speech, just, intelligent but not intellectual, loving rather than lover-like and landed. C]You might not see one in a hundred, with gentleman so plainly written in. Says Emma. He employs patience and tact easily and never with any sense of having to resort to them. Well-balanced but not dull; things are what they are and not what they seem when he is present. Interaction between Emma and Knightly Emma shows herself to be as much at home in his conversation as he is in her house. Owe always say what we like to one another. Emma shows a delayed excitement about the days events. She claims to have brought Miss Taylor and Mr. Weston together, and now she says she intends to match-make for the youthful vicar Mr. Elton, C]a very pretty young man of 27. Mr. Knightly takes exception to marriage- meddling. He knows the world and she does not. She has not been to school. She has never seen the sea. She has not even been to box hill. Such Isolation, social, cultural, and moral, might already have proved disastrous were it not for Mr. Knightly, whose native Intelligence natural good Emma, Harriet and Mr. Elton news eave protected With great precision Austin reveals the reason why Emma would choose Harriers friendship: [Harriet] was a pretty girl, and her beauty happened to be of a sort which Emma particularly admired. She was short, plump and fair, with a fine bloom, blue eyes, light hair, regular features, and a look of great sweetness Enemas temporary destruction of the relationship between Harriet and Robert Martin Emma makes one of her celebrated outbursts of snobbery say, Oh young farmer, whether on horseback or on foot, is the very last person to raise my curiosity. She then goes on to back her stylist to Robert Martin with emotional blackmail. Enemas delusion over Harriet and Mr. Elton At the end of Chapter 4, she begins to push the silly Harriet at the Vicar of Highborn. Emma has not fallen for Mr. Elton, seeing him as Really a very pleasing young man, a young man whom any woman not fastidious might like Emma shows her contempt for Harriet and the vicar. Mr. Knightliest response Mr. Knightly is scathing about Enemas friendship with Harriet. Harriet is The very worst possible sort of companion that Emma can possibly have, she presents Oh delightful inferiority. Mrs. Weston defends Emma forcing Mr. Knightly to say, 01 love to look at her Should like to see Emma in love, and in some doubt of return; it would do her good. The portrait of Harriet Knightly accuses Emma of making Harriet Toto tall, Elton Jumps to her defense. When Elton comments that the portrait captured The naivetà ©Ã‚ © of Miss Smiths manners, Emma, despite her ability to discriminate, allows this remark to pass, even though it is not one of a lover. The artificiality of Elton response is contrasted with the letter from Robert Martin. The proposal of Robert Martin Chapter 7 Emma is thoroughly surprised by the quality of Robert Martins letter of proposal: Lot was short but expressed good sense, warm attachment, liberality, propriety, even delicacy of feeling. It is the disingenuous behavior of Emma that is truly shocking to the reader: It is So good a letter, Harriet, that everything considered, I think one of his sisters must have helped him. Emma has abruptly moved away from the integrity of her personal appraisal of the letter to a state of delusion and self- satisfaction that will damage both Harriet and herself. Emma uses her Little friend s a tool for personal fulfillment and manipulation. Harriet asks Emma for advice, and at first, she responds absolutely correctly The letter had much better be all your own but Emma, with full knowledge of her actions, makes it quite clear that a refusal is the only acceptable option: Ahoy need not be prompted to write with the appearance of sorrow for his disappointment. At no point had Harriet expressed anything but doubt, yet Emma is grossly dishonest: Thought to refuse him! . Are you in any doubt as to that? Negative answer of Harriet gratifies Emma, allowing her to come even more deceitful and selfish. Emma claims to be sensitive: Awhile you were in suspense I kept my feelings to myself, but sensing that Harriet is still not completely sure, produces a piece of absolute blackmail: It would have grieved me to lose your coalescence, wanly must nave Eden ten consequence AT your marrying Martin. Emma ruthlessly attacks the education and honor of Mr. Martin: Dear affectionate creature! You banished to Abbey-Mill Farm! You confined to the society of the illiterate and vulgar all your life! I wonder how the young man could have the assurance to ask it. He must have a pretty good opinion of himself. Not only is Odder affectionate creature the best compliment she can give to Harriet, but for Emma to accuse Mr. Martin of having a Property good opinion of himself is simply breath-taking. Knightliest response Chapter 8 Emma and George Knightly quarrel over Harriers refusal of Mr. Martins marriage proposal. Although the reader senses that Emma is arguing with an unsound case, she shows tremendous poise and refuses to be overwhelmed by the masculine and powerful magistrate, Mr. Knightly. Knightly is a true match for Emma and wrought this argument, she is almost constantly defending. His experience comes to the fore as he sifts Enemas words to find the true, shocking meaning: Ahoy saw her answer! You wrote her answer too. his sharpness is tremendously powerful Once again, he catches Emma out: Not Harriers equal! No he is not her equal indeed, for he is as much her superior in sense as in situation. His speech gathers momentum as he becomes more determined to prove the worth of Mr. Martin. Lowers Harriet to material virtues: She is pretty, and she is good tempered, and that is all. Whilst Mr. Knightly has referred to the relative virtues of the two, Emma refers to their social standing: That! Think a farmer a good match for my intimate friend! Martin may be the richer of the two, but he is undoubtedly her inferior as to rank in society. It would be a degradation. Knightly replies with pure passion and a wonderful sense of true social class and value: A degradation to illegitimacy and ignorance, to be married to a respectable, intelligent gentleman-farmer! Knightly informs Emma bluntly that Elton is not the man for Harriet. Knightly does, however, how that his Judgment is not infallible: Depend upon it, Elton will not do. Elton is a very good sort of man, and a very respectable vicar of Highborn, but not at all likely to make an imprudent match. He is right to emphasis Elton infatuation with Oh good income but as the reader will see, Knightly later admits that Harriet would have been a greater match than the future Mrs. Elton. Although Knightliest judgments on Harriet are correct, Austin is careful to leave slight imperfections that can be corrected through the novel Knightly goes through a learning process. The evaluation: Elton proposal to Emma The evening before the Christmas Eve Dinner, Elton is hoping to be greeted by Emma with words of affection, the words of a lover. Emma also begins to have suspicions: Well, this is most strange! After I had got him off so well, to cause to go into company, and leave Harriet ill behind! Emma is greatly surprised by Elton desire to Iodine out rather than spend time worrying about Harriers sore throat. Following the dinner party, Emma with some disquiet, finds herself in the same carriage as. They are imprisoned in a swaying carriage after a party and as Breadroot says, The tall Transnational Is Intensities Day ten Tact Tanat teen cannot escape Trot can toners company. The claustrophobia natural and inevitable in provincial society, here reaches its climax. The fury of the proud pair builds up in the confined space. The drama, economy and precision of this passage is superb: 01 am very much astonished Mr. Elton. This to me! You forget yourself you take me for your friend any message to Miss Smith I shall be happy to deliver; but no more of this to me, if you please. Miss Smith! Message to Miss Smith! What could she possibly mean! The comedy is also wonderful, as Enemas delusion confronts Elton sudden courage. The result of this mutual discovery is disastrous for both. Emma is highly embarrassed over her deception of Harriet, whilst Elton is shocked to believe that Emma would place him on the level of Harriet Smith. Emma comforts Harriet who tearfully gives up all ho pe of the vicarage and its yellow curtains. Jane Fairfax and Frank Churchill After Christmas Frank fails to arrive because he Cannot be spared by his aunt. Miss Bates Spring is ushered in by the startling chatter of Miss Bates, Oh great talker on little taters. The comic outpourings of Miss Bates are a symptom of frustration. Her sensitivity is acute and Frank Churchill says that She is a woman that one may, that one must laugh at, but one that one would not wish to slight. The arrival of Jane Fairfax Jane has been brought up by a Colonel and Mrs. Campbell as a companion to their own daughter. Unlike Emma she has been properly educated. She is elegant and clever Mr. Knightly says Emma dislikes her because she is That she wanted to be thought herself. Jane Fairfax: the intellectual recluse whose presence makes everybody feel inadequate and guilty. She is defenseless against the noisy, the inquisitive, the gossip, the mediocre; and her utter inability to cope with vulgarity is demonstrated by the way she falls victim to Mrs. Elton. Everything she does offends the cults of English provincialism and amateurism piano playing Her arrival in Highborn at the very moment when the whole place is keyed-up to welcome Frank Churchill That perfect novelty, is anti-climactic. Emma cannot find a reason for her visit so she invests one: Colonel Campbell son-in-law has fallen in love with her he has not accompanied the Campbell on a visit to Ireland for fear she might break up the marriage. The truth is more sensational, though Emma is the last to suspect it She is turned against Jane when there is a cool refusal to supply answers to what Emma believes are entirely reasonable questions about Frank. She Could not forgive her. Frank Churchill and Jane Fairfax (became engaged at Wentworth the previous October). Their situations have much in common. They are each the victim of the transformation process and beneath there adopted cultures there is a wistful desire o return to their original identity. Frank is frightened by his Aunt, a powerful, possessive woman who has married into a distinguished family and Out Churchill them all. Having taken a step which takes him out of her power he shrinks from telling her the lesser truth is adequate when the whole truth is not expedient. For Jane it is the opposite; her culture rests on truth seen as an absolute, as it must. Her love Tort Frank seduces near Into a snort-term suspension AT truth n tens strikes at ten roots of her self-respect. Jane is miserable she is led into almost total inaction for ear of making a mistake. Enemas vision of Franks perfection is shattered by his going to London to get his hair cut Mr. Knightly receives the news with grim satisfaction but Emma says to herself, Shadowiness is always wickedness, but folly is not always folly . The arrival of the piano the reaction of Emma and Knightly A few days later Highborn learns that Jane Fairfax has received a Broadsword piano. Only Knightly recognizes gift as a thoughtless cruelty; everybody else praises donors generosity. Mr. Knightliest new and fear of the handsome Highborn intruder is now acute. Breadroot: Twit in Emma and silence in Mr. Knightly are the means by which they escape the emotional involvement with each other which would otherwise naturally develop. The departure of Frank and the arrival of Mrs. Elton Frank is called back to Yorkshire, and a stupendous void is created to accommodate the equally stupendous arrival of Mr. Elton bride. Mrs. Elton is satisfyingly detestable; her every movement and speech are a vindication of Highboys Jealous safe-guarding of social standards Her conversation is loud, assured and wrong. The reader is rocked by her audacious vulgarity. Her odiousness springs from lack of nullity, a ruthless bypassing of the civilizing processes. Under the cover of her impertinence Jane Austin distributes the clues of the intrigue. The climax of the novel: The ball to Box Hill The Crown Inn, Donnelly Abbey and Box Hill and the revelation Plot culminates in a series of encounters which take place in and around three elaborate conversation- pieces, the ball at the Crown Inn, a strawberry party at Donnelly Abbey and a trip to Box Hill. The Donnelly party is all order and harmony; even Mrs. Elton is comically Contained by it, and Frank Churchill is sadly reduced by the atmosphere of romance in which the useful and beautiful have become invisible. Box Hill picnic, in disturbing contrast, finds society split torn within itself factions and groupings. All the tensions of the novel have been building up to Box Hill Although she knows her actions with Frank could easily be referred to as Flirtation, She still intended him for her friend she acknowledges that she does not love Frank. The reader also sense that Frank is hiding behind this Flirtation. Frank Churchill, however, must know that this Flirtation shall hurt Jane Fairfax. In response to Franks desire for a antennas to his games, Miss Bates offers herself in good humor but receives in return an insult from Emma: oh! Very well, exclaimed Miss Bates, Then I need not be uneasy. Three things very dull indeed That will Just do for me, you know. I shall be sure to say three dull things as soon as ever I open my mouth, shant R Ooh! Maam, but there may be a difficulty. Pardon me but you will be limited as to number only three at once. Miss Bates, deceived by the mock ceremony of her manner, did not immediately catch her meaning; but, when it burst on her, it could to anger, though a slight blush showed that it could pain her. How attractive Miss Bates is in the way she takes it- her attempts to keep peace Knightly is so ironic: in response to Mr. Weston encouraging rehire (MA): protection snouts not nave come quite so soon. Knightly is unaccustomed to rebuke Emma in public. V s.. Jane Fairfax Frank Churchill DHOW many a man has committed himself on a short acquaintance, and rued it all the rest of his life! This delivers the most intense pain to Jane, for they met at Wentworth last October. It is also an attack on the Elton, having become engaged at Bath. Canes reply awful underground stage in the relationship: OH hasty and imprudent attachment may arise but there is generally time to recover from it afterwards. She speaks bitterly she has been hurt terribly by Frank Churchill In response, Churchill gives Emma a Commission: She must be lively, and have hazel eyes. This further attack on Jane is seen by Emma as a chance to set him up with Harriet Knightly Vs.. Emma Knightly rebukes Emma for her cruelty to Miss Bates: DHOW could you be so unfeeling to Miss Bates? How could you be so insolent in your wit to a woman of her character, age and situation? Emma, I had not thought it possible. His dignity and honor he takes on a great responsibility The ironic side to Emma: 01 dare say she did not understand me. Knightliest response is firm and direct: 01 assure you she did. He places her in the carriage without a final word from her: Oho had misinterpreted the feelings which had kept her face averted, and her tongue motionless. He most wonderful insight into Enemas self accusation and compunction with analysis of situation: Momma felt the tears running down her cheeks almost all the way home, Harriers delusion and Enemas delight Harriet and Mr. Knightly With Robert Martin out of bounds and Mr. Elton out of the running, Harriet drifts through somewhat at a loss. Only one person has recognized her essential solitude Mr. Knightly. His thoughtfu lness and his guardian-like concern for her welfare are entirely misunderstood by Harriet. She naively unburdens herself to Emma, supporting her supposition that Mr. Knightly loves her with Enemas own words, Matches of greater disparity had taken place . Enemas conduct is superb, at last her true feelings are thrust upon her in all its splendor. Lot darted through her, with he speed of an arrow, that Mr. Knightly must marry no one but herself! Mr. Knightliest proposal Just as Knightly is to reveal his heart, Emma attempts to take pressure off him, presuming his love is for Harriet: Ads a friend, you may command me. to take the pressure off him (in love with Harriet). He thinks it is because she is in love with Frank Churchill. Through Knightliest eyes, Jane Austin takes us to the heart of this intense moment: tell me, then, have I no chance of ever succeeding? He stopped in his earnestness to look the question, and the expression of his eyes overpowered her. The comedy: She could really say nothing She can not say anything because she is so surprised Oho cried with great animation he thinks the silence is a good sign. Oho soon resumed; and in a tone of sincere, decided, intelligible tenderness as was tolerably convincing. Elf I loved you less, I might be able to talk about it more. Irony, Walt, Duress Ana satire, all are Swansea at tens moment. I nave Llama you, Ana lectured you, and you have borne it as no other woman in England would have borne He cant go as far as the ideal of human emotion. Mr. Knightly knows he is dull. He isnt Jane Students perfect hero has some of the loyalties Life needs Churchill, Mass, Fairfax as well as Knightliest The thoughtful and restrained Jane and Knightly compared with the entertaining and lively Frank Churchill and Emma. Life is Joyous, comic, painful she respects them all Jane Austin and the human comedy the tangle of life the most wonderful part of life is its spontaneity the Joy of life is often expressed in ways that the taught formalities cannot approach. At the climax of emotion, when Emma is about to make her response, Jane Austin teases the reader: That did she say? Just what she ought, of course. Jane Students reticence shows a tact and aspect for the emotion of the moment. At the very end of the chapter, the reader sees the full irony and comedy of Jane Austin. Knightliest response to the spontaneity and unpredictability of life The resolutions Frank Churchill writes an absurdly long letter to Mrs. Weston in which his enjoyment of literary flourishes and fine phrases tends to overshadow his contrition for having caused so much trouble in Highborn. The letter is also a clarification of such clues as are left of the intrigue. The letter mixes the smooth personable young man and the worthy young man who is ashamed of the hurt he has caused. Harriers origins are discovered to be low enough to make her engagement to Robert Martin, with whom she has been reunited at Styles Amphitheatre. The final revenge is saved for Mr. Elton, who has to officiate at Enemas wedding, on which Mrs. Elton has the last word Every little white satin, very few lace veils; a most pitiful business! The bedroom doors of the Vicarage, Abbey-Mill farm and Hartsfield are politely but firmly closed in our face. The marriage ordeal is the most private thing on earth. Only one intense intimacy is revealed Emma will never call Mr. Knightly George.

Sunday, October 20, 2019

The Seal Killers Essays - Seal Hunting, Pinniped, Free Essays

The Seal Killers Essays - Seal Hunting, Pinniped, Free Essays The Seal Killers This is the realistic fiction story of two people who catch two commercial fishermen killing off seals. In the beginning, a guy named Andy agrees to fly from Montana to California to work for his uncle at a gas station for boats. In exchange, his uncle would teach him all about boats. It was Andys dream to drive out in the sea. He goes out in a boat with his uncle and he teaches him some things. They noticed that seals were dyeing. Andys uncle said it might be some kind of disease. So then his Aunt gets sick so his uncle has to spend time with her and didnt really have time to teach Andy about boats. One day Andy was working at the boat gas stop and a girl his age comes to fill up. She didnt look at him though, she was looking at the dead seals. She said that she really hated that and the commercial fishermen were killing them for lots of reasons. One was they were eating the boat and scaring the fish away. Anyway, then she left and came back in the evening. She filled up and introduced herself. Her name was Molly and she knew a lot about boats. Andy said where he came from and how he wanted to learn about boats. So then they made a deal that she would teach him how to use the boats and in exchange they would try to track the seal killers. So then a huge boat comes to the gas station. It was owned by the Jackson brothers. They were the two meanest commercial fishermen in the town. Molly had a suspicion that they were the ones killing the scenes. Then they take Andys money and he tells his uncle. His uncle said those guys are crazy and that he shouldnt bother them. A few days later, Andy and Molly go where the Jackson brothers hang out and they follow them. They heard them saying something about killing seals tonight. So Andy and Molly go on Andys uncles boat and follow the Jackson brothers. They spotted them and started shooting them. Then Andy and Molly speeded up but the Jacksons crashed into rocks and got stuck. So then Andy and Molly called the police and the fishermen got arrested. Andy learned a lot about boats and his uncle was very proud of him.

Saturday, October 19, 2019

5 Summer Programs at Georgetown University for High Schoolers

As the oldest Catholic and Jesuit university in the United States, Georgetown University has been committed to research, scholastic achievement and service since its inception. For high school students, attending a summer program at Georgetown affords the invaluable opportunity to experience college-level learning at a historically renowned university. Summer programs are a great way for students to gain a deeper understanding of their favorite subjects in a more hands-on environment. Spending a summer academically engaged on a college campus can help prepare your student for learning beyond high school. Ultimately, having the opportunity to learn from and alongside talented faculty and students alike can help your student realize their full academic potential. Additionally, involvement in summer programs demonstrate your student’s drive and passion for a particular area of study to admissions officers when it comes time to apply to college. Prospective schools want self-motivated students who will positively contribute to campus and pursuing a diverse set of extracurricular experiences, like a summer program for instance, can help convey that motivation. The Ultimate Guide to Applying to Wake Forest Were you to happen upon Wake Forest’s campus accidentally, you might initially mistake it for a members-only country club. With its manicured lawns, stately buildings, and winding drives, this community is one that beckons at first glance. It doesn’t take long to realize that the school’s culture is just as welcoming and warm as its grounds. With its emphasis on â€Å"educating the whole person† and dedication to bettering entire societies rather than individual students—its motto is Pro Humanitate , â€Å"for Humanity†Ã¢â‚¬â€Wake Forest is a university that emphasizes the importance of humanitarian pursuits alongside educational ones and accordingly supports its students to achieve all manner of academic and extracurricular successes. Initially founded in 1834, Wake Forest is a private, co-ed liberal arts university that now finds its home in Winston-Salem, NC. It is currently ranked on the country’s list Top Ten schools for stellar quality of life, due in large part to its campus culture. Wake enrolls just under 5,000 students per year, making it a healthily mid-sized undergraduate community. Its acceptance rate is highly competitive, coming in at roughly 34%, and its athletic teams participate in the ACC (Division I) conference. Wake Forest students are known for their warmth, spirit, and energy; various campus traditions—such as â€Å"Rolling the Quad,† where the entire student body wraps trees in toilet paper—foster strong inter-student camaraderie, and community service as well figures largely into the campus’ ethos of general betterment. Meanwhile, Wake’s home city, Winston-Salem, boasts thriving cultural attractions all throughout the year, from the Western Film Fair and Winter Dance Concert to the National Black Theatre Festival and â€Å"Tour de Food.† And if you are planning to study abroad, Wake owns and operates three separate international houses—one in Vienna, one in Venice, and one in London—and offers its students access to programs in over 200 worldwide cities. Wake Forest prides itself on the breadth of academic opportunities it offers its students. Students can take a variety of classes in Film Studies, English, Humanities, East Asian Languages and Literatures, Political Science, and Counseling, to name just a few. As well, Wake offers slightly more pre-vocational options like â€Å"Entrepreneurship and Social Enterprise† and â€Å"Finance† for students are so inclined. Wake Forest allows for the possibility to study any combination of a major and minor; in turn, its students gladly take advantage of this opportunity. It is common for Wake student to study both a major and a minor, and often, these two are unrelated topics of study. Wake Forest also proudly boasts stellar job placement services, and has a near perfect success rate in finding employment for its seniors seeking jobs well before they graduate. Paying for a Wake Forest Education: Tuition, Financial Aid, Deadlines, and other Fun Things Wake Forest’s undergraduate tuition currently costs $41,120, while room and board is an additional $12,998. Wake guarantees housing for 100% of freshmen and 77% of upperclassmen, so a full year of tuition plus room and board comes out to $64,478 as per Wake Forest’s admission viewbook . If you are unable to pay out of pocket, Wake Forest offers both need-based and merit-based financial aid to prospective students, but the application processes for each of these differs. Likewise, the deadlines for applying for each of these are dependent upon the deadline you have chosen for your application to the college (Early Decision, Early Decision II, and Regular Decision). First, let’s discuss the process of applying for each type of aid, as they differ from each other. If you plan to apply for need-based financial aid, you will need to fill out 3 forms: the Free application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) , a CSS/PROFILE , and copies of official 2015 federal income tax forms. Wake Forest is part of a small group of universities that pledges to meet 100% of demonstrated financial need, so if you think that you might be eligible for need-based aid based on Wake Forest’s criteria (outlined here ), you should certainly plan to submit these forms and apply   for the attendant aid. If you plan to apply for need-based aid, be sure to submit your forms by the appropriate deadlines. Early Decision applicants must submit their need-based aid requests by November 15 and can expect to hear back as soon as Dec. 1 if they are offered admission. Early Decision II applicant must submit their paperwork by January 1 and will receive notification of an award if they are offered admission as early as February 15. Regular decision applicants need to submit their forms by January 1 and will receive a response as early as April 1. Meanwhile, Wake Forest offers several merit-based scholarship to less than 3% of its incoming students each year. The Reynolds, Carswell, Stamps, and Gordon Scholarships do not require a separate application in addition to the application to the college. All students who apply to Wake Forest are considered for these scholarships so long as they apply before December 1, and winners are rewarded for different combinations of achievement, talent, and leadership. Likewise, just as it is not necessary to complete an interview for the college application, it is not necessary to complete an interview to be considered for these scholarships. It is important to note, though, that most students who are awarded these scholarships did participate in an interview for the school. As well, there are two merit-based scholarships that do require additional applications to the one for college admission. The Presidential Scholarship for Distinguished Achievement is a talent-based award requiring a separate application that is due November 15. Similarly, the William Louis Poteat Scholarship awards North Carolinians who are active in the Baptist Church; this scholarship requires a recommendation from a member of the applicant’s church. As well, Wake Forest awards Army ROTC Scholarships to some applicants. There is one family of scholarships that is both need- and merit-based. Early Decision applicants who plan to apply for need-based aid can as well apply separately for the Brown, Fletcher, Heritage, Hankins, Kutteh, Lowden, K.W. Smith, Z.T. Smith, and Woodard scholarships. There are four different ways to apply to Wake Forest, and the admissions committee has no preference as to which you utilize. You can apply through the Common App ; by using the Coalition for Access, Affordability, and Success Application ; by filling out the school’s online application ; or by sending Wake’s application by mail. As you are filling out your application to Wake, whether it is through the Common App or the university itself, you should know that Wake Forest is â€Å"test optional.†Ã‚   If you choose to fill out Wake Forest’s application through the University’s website, you will come to a page that looks like this. The first section, entitled â€Å"You and Your Family† is largely self explanatory and should not be too stressful to fill out. Likewise, the following section entitled â€Å"Your Accomplishments† mimics the similarly named section of the Common App. You can pretty much lift your extracurricular information from there and put it here. It is important to note that Wake Forest does NOT prefer its applicants submit a resume and has specifically designed this section to fulfill the purpose that your resume would. In light of this, the Activities section on the Wake-specific application is followed by a section entitled â€Å"Work Experience,† which looks like this: If there is any outstanding information on your resume that did not make it into the â€Å"Activities† section of the application, you may include those experiences here. Next, you’ll come to the section entitled â€Å"Your Thoughts.† This functions as the supplemental essay section of Wake’s application. Here is the first question you’ll be expected to answer, along with its attendant instructions: Use the following essay to give the admissions committee insight into your character and intellect. In 2017, Transcending Boundaries will be a defining theme at Wake Forest. What boundaries have played a role in shaping the individual you are today? How will you engage the Wake Forest community to expand your view of the world? † Following this, you’ll come to a series of supplements that are labeled â€Å"In Brief,† with the following directions: The text of these questions are as follows: For an in-depth analysis on how to respond to these questions, follow this link to our Wake-Forest dedicated guide to writing supplemental essays. Interviewing and Visiting: Do They Matter? Wake Forest offers interview to a limited number of students, both on campus and remotely through Skype. Though interviews are not a mandatory element of the application, they are highly encouraged. Thus, you should schedule an interview at your earliest convenience if you are seriously considering Wake Forest as an option for college. Not only does Wake Forest greatly value the opportunity to get to speak to you in person, but they weigh demonstrated interest considerably in the application process. In this vein, Wake encourages its students to visit the campus if possible. If it is possible for you economically and logistically, you should certainly consider visiting the school to see for yourself all that it has to offer. If it is not possible for you, you need not worry. Odds and Ends: Things to Note When Applying Most importantly, note this: Wake Forest used to be test optional, but this is no longer the case . Currently, their website is a bit confusing because it is not fully updated. Do not let this mislead you and wait until the last minute to submit your SAT or ACT scores. As well, note that one teacher recommendation must be submitted with your application. Since the school specifically notes on its teacher recommendation form that only â€Å"one recommendation is sufficient,† we advise you to refrain from submitting more than that unless you have an exceptional case and solid reasons for submitting a second. In general, adcoms value your ability to follow directions and respect their requests first and foremost. Wake Forest offers three different application cycles in which its students may apply: Early Decision, Early Decision II, and Regular Decision. The relevant deadlines for each cycle are below. Application Due: Application Due: November 15, along with the Early Decision Agreement form Application Decisions Released: Notified on a rolling basis only. Applicants will either be accepted, deferred to the Regular Decision applicant pool, or not accepted. Early Decision II: January 1, along with the Early Decision Agreement form Application Decisions Released: Notified by mail only, with letters released sometime around February 15. ED II students are either accepted, offered a spot on the wait list, or not accepted.

Friday, October 18, 2019

Disappearing Tropical Rainforests Research Paper

Disappearing Tropical Rainforests - Research Paper Example Tropical rainforest, the oldest living ecosystem on Earth developed over 130 million years. Hence, this ecosystem is a habitat for millions of species of plants, animals and microorganisms. In addition, â€Å"tropical rainforests play a significant role in carbon sequestration and climate stabilization†; and this ecosystem protects the Earth from contingencies like flood, drought, and erosion. It also provides an abundant supply of timber, medicines, and food. Another advantage of rainforests is that it assists humans to fight issues like land degradation and desertification. It is interesting to note that these tropical rainforests support people for their livelihood and increase the scope of ecotourism. Causes Mainly, man-made intervention is the major reason leading to the disappearance of tropical rainforests. Huge deposits of precious metals like gold, silver and fossil fuels like natural gas are widely found underneath tropical rainforests worldwide. Industrially developed nations and other emerging countries are increasingly in need of those natural resources so as to enhance their economic growth and to meet growing human needs. In order to extract these natural resources, techniques like mining and drilling are used which in turn require a huge area of lands. Evidently, this situation ultimately results in deforestation. Conversion of tropical rainforests to agricultural land is another cause leading to the destruction of this ecosystem (Global Forest Resources Assessment, 2010). In the context of growing demand for agricultural productions, people increasingly clear areas of rainforests in order to produce crops. This issue is growing to be uncontrollable because national governmen ts or environmental protection agencies cannot suggest a potential alternative to meet the increasing land requirements for agriculture. Studies point to the fact that climate change is another major factor contributing to the destruction of rainforests. It is clear that human-made emissions of greenhouse gases lead to global warming which in turn increase the rate of climate change.

Gender Communication Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Gender Communication - Essay Example However, the major difference that plays a role in determining the manner which men and women communicate is their sexes. In the recent years, linguistics have begun studying the differences in the communication styles, between a man and a woman. The main reason for carrying out these studies is for purposes of identifying the differences in the communication styles that exists between a man and a woman. This in turn would help both men and women to adapt with each other, and hence form a meaningful relationship (Berger, 2006). The differences in these communication affects men and women in a variety of ways, and this includes in any social set up, and examples include in a religious set up, at work, in sports, and even in academics. Therefore, having an understanding on the manner of managing these differences is important in developing a relationship between a man and woman. This paper examines the various differences that exist in the manner which both men and women communicate. The roles that women and men play, is reflected in the manner which they are able to interact with each other, and the methods that they use for purposes of interaction. One of the most important elements that exist in the communication methods of women is to establish and maintain relationship with other people. This is one of the most dominant methods of defining the feminine use of the process of interaction. Berger (2006) explains that women normally use language, for purposes of developing connection, maintaining a sense of closeness, understanding each other, and providing support to each other. These are some of the essential elements that are needed for any relationship to be formed. Berger (2006) further explains that women normally value creating equality through achieving of asymmetry. In their communication, women are also known for expressing their emotions, and using language that can help in

What is the Major Role of Police in Society Assignment

What is the Major Role of Police in Society - Assignment Example A democratic police force fundamentally enforces the rule of law equally among the members of the society, rather than the rule of those persons in power or with power. Police community relations function as an adjunct or as an alternative to the centralized, bureaucratic model of policing, where neutrality and efficiency are valued (Police and Democracy, 2001, n.p.). Police members are encouraged to view themselves as part of the community and help in solving the problems of the community. Community policing emphasizes the social service and order maintenance role of the police. The underlying assumption of police-community relations is that the police would be more effective in doing its duties by immersing itself in the concerns of the community and if it has the support of and inputs from the community. The justice system in the United States operates under two levels - the federal and state levels. The state justice system basically covers prosecutions of most law violations except those offenses that concern federal government employees, crimes committed across state lines and fraud involving the national government which is covered by the federal justice system. In turn, the justice system is differentiated between the liabilities involved, whether it be criminal or civil. Criminal trials happen when the government prosecutes an individual for violating the rights and security of another individual or the society as a whole. Civil trials involve the settlement of disputes between two parties. In addition to the civilian courts, there is the military justice system which has jurisdiction over offenses committed by military members. There are also a number of Native American or American Indian justice systems which settles disputes between members of various American Indian tribes. The police selection processes have a great impact on police-community relations as the system of recruitment and its purposes will affect how effective the police will be in gaining or maintaining support from the community. Recruitment of members of the police force (or the selection of the police chief for example that takes into consideration the situation of the community) would very much aid in the smooth maintenance of the police-community relationship. For example, if a community is composed mostly of black people, it makes sense to have a police force where its membership reflects the racial make-up of the community. Similarly, recruitment if it has to take consideration of police-community relations, must first look into the recruitment of immediate members of the local community, rather from the outside of the community in question. Â  

Thursday, October 17, 2019

Mattel Organizational Crisis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words

Mattel Organizational Crisis - Essay Example Reports from the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC, 2007) indicated that three children had been hospitalized due to ingesting some particles from the toys and all these three were diagnosed with intestinal perforation, hence required surgery. Owing to this recall, the company lost over $30 million and nearly 1.5 million toys it had sold were removed from the shelves. The Wall Street Journal (2007) notes that previous to the recall, Mattel was the biggest toy manufacturer reputed for its strict safety standards. As noted by Mitroff (1989) a positive public image could easily be destroyed in the course of a crisis. Scholar, nonetheless, have established that strategic application of corporate information, proper crisis communication and effective crisis management can assist in wining back public confidence, since communication has the ability to determine how information reaches the public as well as the media (Coombs, 2007). This paper examines Mattel crisis, the paper will specifically examine how the crisis happened, corporate communication of crisis, crisis management and give conclusion. Mattel recalled 19 million toys from August to September in 2007 because of two separate reasons (Media Statement, 2007). This was the biggest recall in the history of the company because both recalls happened at the same time. The first reason for recall of toys was due to faulty magnets used. The toys were designed in such a way that most parts had high-energy magnets. These magnets are of great effect to infants and young children because they can ingest some parts and be affected in their digestive tract. When children shallow several magnetic particles there are high chances of that they will pull together in the stomach and rip by use of stomach tissue. The combination of magnet strength with poor design of Mattel toys made these toys dangerous to the health

Viewpoints of Benjamin Harrison Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Viewpoints of Benjamin Harrison - Research Paper Example Being a farmer, it was mandatory that he was to use slaves on his plantations. Despite the ruthlessness that was being shown to the slaves, he seemed to have a soft spot for them. He was a nationalist who believed that the Americans had the same rights as Britons as well as other groups of people. His resistance to the obnoxious stamp duty against tea is an indicator of his resentment to economic injustices committed against the Americans. He would be very happy to establish that there is more economic freedom today. Many individuals can manage to live a decent life and have free opportunities to engage in economic activities without much oppression from the government of the day. In addition, the fact that the resources within the country are used for the good of its citizens and not foreigners, then Harrison would have appreciated the effort that has been put. Benjamin V viewed societal injustices from a personal viewpoint and attempted to do something about it. He went ahead to us e his own resources in the activism that opposed the bill that mentioned that the laws passed by the Virginia parliament were contrary to the law. He would be pleased to notice the separation of powers between the states and the federal government and how they are able to work in synchrony. In another situation, he condemned the enactment of the intolerable acts and joined hands with others to form the continental congress. He is on record for having desired to unite the Americans to fight against the ruthlessness of the colonial master.

Wednesday, October 16, 2019

What is the Major Role of Police in Society Assignment

What is the Major Role of Police in Society - Assignment Example A democratic police force fundamentally enforces the rule of law equally among the members of the society, rather than the rule of those persons in power or with power. Police community relations function as an adjunct or as an alternative to the centralized, bureaucratic model of policing, where neutrality and efficiency are valued (Police and Democracy, 2001, n.p.). Police members are encouraged to view themselves as part of the community and help in solving the problems of the community. Community policing emphasizes the social service and order maintenance role of the police. The underlying assumption of police-community relations is that the police would be more effective in doing its duties by immersing itself in the concerns of the community and if it has the support of and inputs from the community. The justice system in the United States operates under two levels - the federal and state levels. The state justice system basically covers prosecutions of most law violations except those offenses that concern federal government employees, crimes committed across state lines and fraud involving the national government which is covered by the federal justice system. In turn, the justice system is differentiated between the liabilities involved, whether it be criminal or civil. Criminal trials happen when the government prosecutes an individual for violating the rights and security of another individual or the society as a whole. Civil trials involve the settlement of disputes between two parties. In addition to the civilian courts, there is the military justice system which has jurisdiction over offenses committed by military members. There are also a number of Native American or American Indian justice systems which settles disputes between members of various American Indian tribes. The police selection processes have a great impact on police-community relations as the system of recruitment and its purposes will affect how effective the police will be in gaining or maintaining support from the community. Recruitment of members of the police force (or the selection of the police chief for example that takes into consideration the situation of the community) would very much aid in the smooth maintenance of the police-community relationship. For example, if a community is composed mostly of black people, it makes sense to have a police force where its membership reflects the racial make-up of the community. Similarly, recruitment if it has to take consideration of police-community relations, must first look into the recruitment of immediate members of the local community, rather from the outside of the community in question. Â  

Tuesday, October 15, 2019

Viewpoints of Benjamin Harrison Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Viewpoints of Benjamin Harrison - Research Paper Example Being a farmer, it was mandatory that he was to use slaves on his plantations. Despite the ruthlessness that was being shown to the slaves, he seemed to have a soft spot for them. He was a nationalist who believed that the Americans had the same rights as Britons as well as other groups of people. His resistance to the obnoxious stamp duty against tea is an indicator of his resentment to economic injustices committed against the Americans. He would be very happy to establish that there is more economic freedom today. Many individuals can manage to live a decent life and have free opportunities to engage in economic activities without much oppression from the government of the day. In addition, the fact that the resources within the country are used for the good of its citizens and not foreigners, then Harrison would have appreciated the effort that has been put. Benjamin V viewed societal injustices from a personal viewpoint and attempted to do something about it. He went ahead to us e his own resources in the activism that opposed the bill that mentioned that the laws passed by the Virginia parliament were contrary to the law. He would be pleased to notice the separation of powers between the states and the federal government and how they are able to work in synchrony. In another situation, he condemned the enactment of the intolerable acts and joined hands with others to form the continental congress. He is on record for having desired to unite the Americans to fight against the ruthlessness of the colonial master.

Sensory perception Essay Example for Free

Sensory perception Essay Sensory perception cannot be entirely trusted specifically in terms of knowing what is real from what is not and what is genuine knowledge from what is mere belief for several reasons. For one, the human senses have the tendency to fluctuate in terms of its capacity to perform according to its specific functions (Ross, p. 500). For instance, the ears, when suffering from an ear infection, are highly prone to hear things quite differently. If this is the case, then our sensory perception of hearing through the ears does not have a strong merit for serving as the foundation for knowing the real world and distinguishing those that are not real. It is also the case that human sensory perception varies from person to person. For example, an ageing man may hear the same rustling of leaves or speech of an individual quite differently from a little kid. Or perhaps the same note played in a grand piano may faintly be heard by those with hearing defects but may be clearly be distinguished by the master pianist. These are only a few examples to illustrate the point that human sensory perception varies from person to person, and the list may very well be inexhaustible. This leads us towards the idea that, since human sensory perception greatly varies, it may be quite difficult to reach at a solid agreement among individuals concerning the common understanding of reality. Although there may be attempts to resolve such a crisis, the very fact that human sensory perception differs inhibit human beings from arriving at the bottom of the issue. Yet it cannot be doubted that, when asked about what is real from what is not, the tendency of the individual is to rely on sensory perception (Walton, p. 557). One can defend the idea that ‘this’ pencil is ‘real’ because the individual is able to see and touch the pencil. There are many other ways in order to provide possible arguments that support the idea that sensory perception grants human beings an access to reality and a corresponding awareness of it. While it may be true that the individual is able to see and old the pencil does it guarantee the individual that, indeed, the pencil is real? One is to be reminded that our eyes sometimes suffer from a blurring of vision and that our skin has the tendency to be sensitive or numb or somewhere between depending on the external environment and on the internal bodily processes the individual is experiencing. Apparently, sensory perception gives one experiences of one’s external environment and that these experiences may correspond to an actual object existing in the external environment of the individual (Brown, p. 336). If this is the case, then it is also probable that the object perceived through the senses may exist. Nevertheless, whether or not the object perceived exists in the external environment, the question remains: can sensory perception be trusted? With the idea of trusting the senses, we are directed towards the notion that the senses provide a way for the perceiving individual to ‘sense’ an object outside of one’s system (Sorabji, p. 60). It can be asserted that the senses provide the individual with sensory experiences such as the color and smell of the object, the quality of hotness or coldness and many others. The idea can further be stretched by arguing that, without the senses, the brain will have no way of accepting data from the external objects. But how is one to know what is real from what is mere hallucination? Correspondingly, how is one to know that one’s senses are giving an impression of a defective data offered by the impaired visual senses, for instance? The foundation for the refutation against the credibility of the senses rests on the idea that the senses of human beings are open to impairments and oftentimes prone to the trickery of the external environment. For example, mirages tend to trick the human eye and, consequently, the human understanding and the larger sphere of human knowledge. What appears to be a small patch of water in the middle of a scorching desert is the visual effect of heat on sand from afar. Unless the individual decides to get closer to the source of the desert ‘mirage’ can one be able to fully discern the idea that the eyes do not give us what is really the case. This case holds highly probable for the individual. The larger aspect of the faulty functioning of the senses can all the more be observed in terms of two or more individuals. Take for example the case of two individuals and a small piece of freshly baked bread. Assume that the first individual is one who lives in a warm region while the other individual lives near the fringes of Alaska. The first individual may very well claim that the freshly baked bread is not quiet hot while the Alaskan may very well claim that the bread is warm for the reason that the former is used to a warm environment while the latter lives in an environment where a little heat is easily detected by the skin. Or let one assume that the opposite case is true for the two individuals—either way, it can be observed that there is a difference in the way both individuals have ‘experienced’ the bread in terms of its hotness or coldness. The instance where there are variations in the manner in which individuals tend to have a sensory experience on the warmness or coldness of objects is one proof that, when applied to the larger context of humanity, there can hardly be any precise and unchanging sensory experience for the same object. While it may be true that humanity can generalize an object as either warm or cold, it nevertheless remains that it does not guarantee that all of the individuals have experienced one and the same degree of warmness or coldness of the object given the fact that the specific human anatomy widely varies from person to person although individuals may have the same general anatomy of, say, the head composed of the skull, eye sockets, teeth, etc. The point is that, although two, three, or a couple of individuals may agree that this or that object is ‘warm’, there is hardly any coherent and precise sensory perception that unifies all of human sensory experience on the same object or event at its most detailed form. This contention leads one to the consequent argument that sensory perception cannot be trusted and that these variations in human sensory experience fail to provide a substantial account for what is real from what is not. Why can’t sensory perception be trusted even if there are wide variations and disagreements on human sensory experiences? The answer to this question rests on the idea that human knowledge is a very critical aspect in the lives and progress of humanity. Since the daily experiences of human beings pretty much contribute to and define their knowledge of the external world, a corrupted sensory experience may lead to knowledge founded on false assumptions or beliefs. Further, if the wide variations in sensory experiences will serve as the basis for human knowledge, then it is not a farfetched idea that it will result to multiple interpretations and, consequently, multiple forms of knowledge on the same object or event. All the knowledge in the world becomes relative to the numerous individuals asserting their own stand on what knowledge is; knowledge becomes equally proportional to the total number of individuals advocating their own ‘knowledge’. If this is the case, can the separate notions of ‘knowledge’ correspond to a genuine knowledge? Or does it give the guarantee that all of these knowledge claims are sound and valid even though one or two of these knowledge claims come into conflict? The argument is clear: sensory perception cannot be trusted due to its dire effects on the epistemological exploits of humanity inasmuch as there is the primary concern or need for a true and genuine knowledge that transcends individual interpretations and relative sensory experiences. The seemingly ‘imperfect’ condition of the human sensory organs contributes in large parts to the disruptions in the corresponding sensory experiences. This ‘imperfect’ state should all the more prompt the rational mind to do away with trusting sensory perception as a guaranteed medium for obtaining knowledge and in understanding reality. Works Cited Brown, Kevin L. Dating Adam Smiths Essay Of the External Senses. Journal of the History of Ideas 53. 2 (1992): 336. Ross, Peter W. Qualia and the Senses. The Philosophical Quarterly 51. 205 (2001): 500. Sorabji, Richard. Aristotle on Demarcating the Five Senses. The Philosophical Review 80. 1 (1971): 60. Walton, William M. Is Existence a Valid Philosophical Concept? A Metaphysical Approach. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 12. 4 (1952): 557.

Monday, October 14, 2019

Relevance of International Human Resource Management

Relevance of International Human Resource Management The study of International Human Resource Management is fine if you are going to work in a large Multinational Enterprise, but has no relevance for individuals who are going to work in small firms. Do you agree or disagree? Give reasons and appropriate examples to support your answer. This paper sets out to show that the study of international human resource management is of benefit to individuals who are going to work in small firms whether in a management or worker capacity . It is noted that a â€Å"small firm† may or may not be multinational and for the purpose of this discussion it is assumed that the inference is that they are not. This paper will demonstrate that through showing that an appreciation of different approaches to work there can be benefits for the individual employee and the manager. Further benefits will be seen through demonstrating that strict adherence to accepted national customs and culture can have a negative effect on business success. There will also be a discussion on how individuals and businesses need to be aware of the increasingly multicultural nature of the British workforce. To open this debate it is necessary to define what is meant by the term â€Å"international human resource management†. Investigation into the term suggests that the emphasis lies on how to operate the human resource management function in multinational businesses and that it is concerned with the similarities and differences of managing in different countries and how to integrate a business culture across international boundaries. However, it is found that little attention is given to the fact that the UK has an increasingly multinational workforce and whilst they may be subject to the systems, procedures and laws of the UK, they way they think and operate is strongly affected by their personal national culture which may vary significantly to that of the UK. The BBC reports that â€Å"(a) record 582,000 people came to live in the UK from elsewhere in the world in 2004, according to government expertsâ€Å" (BBC 2005, p. not given). They further suggest that this influx is necessary to help the UK economy grow as the majority of these migrants have come to the country to work. The Times newspaper supports this in reporting that â€Å"Britain needed workers for 600,000 vacancies, including low-paid jobs that were often difficult to fillâ€Å" and goes on to say that â€Å"(e)mployers are aggressively recruiting staff from other countries† (Nugent et al 2004, page not given). They also found that 96% of these migrants were employed in full time work (Nugent et al 2004). This shows that the UK workforce is becoming increasingly multinational and diverse. The main arguments for the increase in awareness of international human resource management would seem to stress the pressures on managers working in multinational businesses. As an example of this, Trompenaars et al tell us that â€Å"(i)nternational managers have it tough. They must operate on a number of different premises at any one time. These premises arise from their culture of origin, the culture in which they are working and the culture of the organisation which employs them† (Trompenaars et al 1997, p. 3). However, the writer would argue that the same challenges also face those working in a solely UK based business as they become increasingly likely to be working with and for colleagues who originate from countries other than the UK and have different cultural expectations. To be able to ensure that the working relationship between groups is a productive and positive one, each individual would benefit from an understanding of some aspects of international human resou rce management especially in the area of culture where attitudes towards leadership, motivation, and pay and recognition may vary. A further benefit of awareness of different human resource management practices may be the realisation that UK based businesses may be able to adopt positive aspects of other countries work practices and cultures. Mullins (2005) states, there are benefits to be found in a business looking at how it’s national culture may be limiting their ability to be strategically competitive. He continues by citing Trompenaars who felt that his own work â€Å"helped managers to structure their experiences and provided insights for them and their organisations into the real source of problems faced when managing across cultures or dealing with diversity† (Trompenaars 1999, p. 31. cited in Mullins 2005, p. 43). Against the argument for individuals who are going to work in a small firm studying international human resource management is the range of areas such a topic covers. International human resource managers need to have an appreciation of the laws and policies of the countries their employer operates in and whilst this may of interest to a UK employee, it is not an area they would automatically be able to influence or change. This brings us to the questions of whether rather than international human resource management, what we are discussing is the management of diversity both from the point of view of a manager who supervises the work of a multicultural workforce or the case of an individual worker whose colleagues originate from a variety of cultural backgrounds. Brooks supports this point and states that â€Å"(d)ifferences in national culture may have a bearing on how organisations deal with each other and also on behaviour within organisations which comprise a mix of nationalities† (Brooks 2003, p. 264). Francesco and Gold say that â€Å"managers must develop organizational systems that are flexible enough to take into account the meaning of work and the relative value of rewards within the range of cultures where they operate† (Francesco et al 1998, p. 144) and whilst when saying this, they meant it to be applied to multinational organisations, the same can be said to be true of those working in a multicultural environment nationally based. Mullins agrees with this in saying that â€Å"there are a number of very good reasons why we could usefully understand cultural differences (and similarity) at work, based on new awareness contributing to our own effectiveness and moreover to the accomplishment of organisational goals† (Mullins 2005, p. 44). He goes on to say that â€Å"there could therefore be advantages of cross-cultural awareness which include: increased self-awareness; sensitivity to difference; questioning our own assumptions and knowledge; lessening ignorance , prejudice and hatred† (Mullins 2005, p. 44). As an example, a manager with a predominantly British cultural background may need to adapt their motivational techniques for individuals from cultures where recognition through praise is more highly regarded than a financial bonus. From the writers own experience, a common UK practice of publicising individual performance levels was found to be highly demotivating and a source of unease amongst a predominantly Asian workforce. Adler suggests there are inbuilt dangers where multi-cultural teams operate â€Å"(m)istrust including stereotyping; miscommunication with potential for reduced accuracy and resultant stress; process difficulties, that is failure to agree when agreement is needed or even what constitutes agreement when arriving at decisions† (Adler 1997, cited in Mullins 2005, p. 44). To overcome these potential issues, there must be an understanding and appreciation of the human resource management systems of other cultures as these will influence the work expectations and practices of the workforce. The Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD) see the embracing if diversity as being crucial. They say that â€Å"(t)oday, many organisations are out-thinking and outperforming their competitors by using diversity as a strategy for ensuring long-term success and advantageâ€Å" (CIPD date not known page not given). They support his view by adding that â€Å"(i)n the face of changing demographics, a narrowing talent pool and an increasingly global marketplace, nurturing the creativity, innovation and hidden potential of organisations is vital† (CIPD date not known page not given). A further aspect to be considered is the legal requirement for companies to embrace diversity in their workforce. Since the 1970s there has been an increasing amount of legislation in the UK relating to pay equality and sex and racial discrimination. However, a CIPD survey found that 68% of respondents gave â€Å"legal pressures† as the key driver for diversity in their business (CIPD 2006, p. 3) suggesting rather than an appreciation of the business benefits of embracing diversity, the importance placed on these issues is due more to a fear of the negative publicity and costs associated with legal action as a result of discrimination. The concept of international human resource management has been seen to be mainly the concern of individuals who are to intend to operate across geographical boundaries. It has been demonstrated however that there are many aspects of the subject that are not only applicable to those intending to work for a small firm, but could also benefit them in being able to encourage cultural diversity and adopt good practice from other countries. The increasingly multi national workforce in the UK and the introduction of legislation relating to diversity means that employers and employees must have an awareness of the areas of international human resource management that relate to understanding and embracing cultural differences. References and bibliography. Adler, N.J. (2001). International Dimensions of Organizational Behavior. California, USA: South-Western College Publishing. BBC. (2005). Record immigration levels to UK. Accessed at: on 7/03/2007. Brooks, I. (2003). Organisational Behaviour: Individuals Groups and Organisations. 2nd ed. Harlow: Prentice Hall FT. CIPD. (date not known).The Psychology of Diversity. Accessed at: on 7/03/2007. CIPD (2002). New research shows international HR managers create global culture. Accessed at: on 9/02/2007. CIPD. (2003). HR’s Contribution to International Mergers and Acquisitions. London: CIPD. CIPD. (2006). Diversity in Business: How Much Progress have Employers Made. First Findings. London: CIPD. Francesco, A. M. Gold, B. A. (1998). International Organizational Behavior: Texts, Readings, Cases and Skills. Harlow: Prentice Hall FT Lucas, R. Lupton, B. Mathieson, H. (2007). Human Resources Management in an International Context. London: CIPD. Markides, C. Geroski, P.(2003). â€Å"Colonizers and consolidators: the two cultures of corporate strategy† in Strategy and Business. Fall Vol 32 p 46-55. Mullins, L.J. (2005). Management and Organisational Behaviour. Harlow: Prentice Hall. Nugent, H. Tendler, S. Patty, A. (2004). Foreign workers snap up the jobs that Britons on benefit reject. Times newspaper. November 11, 2004. Trompenaars, F. Hampden-Turner, C. (1997). Riding the Waves of Culture: Understanding Cultural Diversity in Business. London: Nicholas Brealey Publishing Ltd. Trompenaars, F. (1999). Trans-Culture Competence. People Management, 22nd April, p. 31. Trompenaars, F. Hampden-Turner, C. (2004). Managing People Across Cultures. Oxford: Capstone Publishing Ltd.