Monday, April 27, 2020

Surrealism and Harlem Renaissance Two Historical Art Periods free essay sample

These art periods have many differences yet their evolution have many of the same reasons for existing. The artistic evolution of â€Å"Surrealism† commenced in France in the mid 1920’s; emanating from an earlier evolution they called Dadaism from Switzerland (Ducksters). This literary evolution was cultivated by Andre Breton; his intent was to unbridle the subconscious’ imagination. This evolution became an international occurrence drawing from imagery of violence where one’s own images from the private mind that utilized the free association methods of Sigmund Freud. The Freudian methods of free association were a development of a literary evolution that cultivated and drew from an unexpected truculently belligerent imagery, an art form not of the normal tradition. This art form had no reasoning traditions or societal limitations that sanctioned it not only to engender surprising imagery but an allowance from the barriers that normal weren’t broken. The Harlem Renaissance historical period commenced on the cusp of the cessation Surrealism art period, encompassing a race that had no authentic voice until this period was born. We will write a custom essay sample on Surrealism and Harlem Renaissance Two Historical Art Periods or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page While this period’s ideology commenced in the early 20th century by the African American middle class blossoming in 1918. African Americans peregrinate to urban spaces in the north from South’s rural areas bring to light this art’s period’s evolution social foundation. This evolution dramatically opened SURREALISM AND HARLEM RENNAISANCE socioeconomic opportunities for African Americans such as; the engenderment of national African American civil rights organizations, developing the races pride additionally incrementing elevating the levels of literacy for this race. The importance that art and culture played toward this goal cannot be overstated as During the Harlem Renaissance the utilization of artists, poets, and jazz music were employed instead of political means to achieve the goals of equality and civil rights† (Biography, 2012). The relationships between the two historical art periods existed in the French Colonies 3 territories belonging to t he Caribbean and Africa. These French colonies native Black graduates whom verbalized French and regained their African heritage utilizing the values Harlem Renaissance and Surrealism. The ideals of the father of Surrealism â€Å"Andre Breton† rooted this evolution therefore linking Harlem Renaissance’s era of black intellectuals. Such as Richard Wright who eluded segregation and racism in the Amalgamated States by fleeing to France. Others included Claude Mckay as well as Langston Hughes. This evolution additionally known as the â€Å"Negritude evolution† utilized the ideals of the artists in accordance with the notions of surrealism. The similarities lie within the struggle to shatter the conventional norms and discernment of society with surrealism endeavoring to do so toward the prudish and aristocratic society that imbue the history of France leading up to the crusade. The Harlem Renaissance progression endeavored to break the racist and biased preconceptions about African Americans. Both of these forms of evolution used art, literature, and music with regard to the Harlem Renaissance, to cultivate a vicissitude in the conventional societys psyche. The differences are that with the Harlem Renaissance, Blacks had to fight many interferences that did not exist with surrealism, beginning with the color of their skin. In SURREALISM AND HARLEM RENNAISANCE integration, the Renaissance was heavily efficacious toward Civil Rights and involved in the evolution. Surrealism did not have a holistic agenda regarding human rights, but rather fixated on human identity. 4 The 1930s depression resulted in the tangential from the Harlem Renaissance, yet remained a critical influence on the future Civil Rights Evolution that would originate in the 1960s (Biography, 2012). Surrealism disseminated because of WW2 (Metmuseum, 2012). Aaron Douglas Harlem Renaissance’s most approbate artists with his four paneled mural â€Å"Aspects of Negro Life† his best-known work. This mural was completed in series of panels for the New York Public Library located on 135th street of Harlem. The mural followed the quest for freedom of African Americans, from their move from Africa to the U. S. in enslavement then sovereignty after the Civil War to life in the avant-garde city. His style was delineated by profound portraits that amalgamate African sculpture, jazz music, dance and other compendia into the artwork. Max Ernst a German surrealist engendered The Barbarians in 1937, which was a work of art that circumscribed the surrealism evolution by bestow composition consisting of sparring human-like figures in a isolated post-apocalyptic landscape that emphasize violence and annihilation representative of Surrealist art (Exhibitions, 2012). A precursor to surrealism that was the earliest form to influence Surrealists because of its bizarre juxtaposed and erotically charged objects was Duchamps conceptually intricate Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors. This form of work related to surrealism because it was antiestablishment and unconventional fixating on pushing the envelope of what was considered acceptable in conventional society (Metmuseum, 2012). SURREALISM AND HARLEM RENNAISANCE The lasting affect that surrealisms had on the art world could be visually perceived in Arshile Gorkys work wherein surrealism accommodated as the continuum between the new Abstract Expressionism art evolution (Metmuseum, 2012). The Harlem Renaissance had a cumbersomely hefty influence on the 1960s Civil Rights evolution. 5 SURREALISM AND HARLEM RENNAISANCE References 6 A E Televion Network. (n. d. ). Retrieved from http://www. biography. com/tv/classroom/harlemrenaissance Ducksters. (n. d. ). Retrieved from http://www. ducksters. com/history/art/surrealism. php (n. d. ). Retrieved from http://exhibitions. nypl. org/treasures/items/show/170 Voorhies, J. (n. d. ). Retrieved from http://www. metmuseum. org/toah/hd/surr/hd_surr. htm